Table of Contents


Definition: short account of a particular incident or event of an interesting or amusing nature, often biographical
pronunciation: external image audio.gifhear it again 'a-nik-"dOt
sample sentence: My great-grandfather's anecdote was very tedious.
Memory tip: anecdotes are often told by ancient people
-Ellen Clay

1. a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another.
2. a symbolical narrative
Sample Sentence: The children did not realize that the tale their mother told them was an allegory that was teaching them certain morals.
Memory Tip: Allegory rhymes with story, which reminds you that an allegory is sometimes a narrative.
Image:The book "Animal Farm" is an allegory.
external image animalfarm.jpg

-Julie Parsons

Definition: the addressing of a usually absent person or a usually personified thing rhetorically
pronunciation: external image audio.gifhear it again
sample sentence: "Oh death, where is thy sting?"
external image 105820790_6826be5403.jpg
memory tip: an apostrophe hangs in the air, when you speak in apostrophe, you could be addressing the air
--Ellen Clay


definition: extravagant exaggeration
pronunciation:external image audio.gifhI-'p&r-b&-(")lE
sample sentence:They ate their mile-high ice-cream cones!
original sentence: I caught a 3 foot long fish in that pond over there!
image:external image rte0199l.jpg
memory tip: exagerating
Rylee Russell

Dramatic Irony:
Situational Irony
Verbal Irony: Definition- a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant.
Pronunciation- i·ro·ny1 external image premium.gif external image thinsp.pngexternal image speaker.gif /ˈaɪexternal image thinsp.pngexternal image thinsp.pngni, ˈaɪexternal image thinsp.pngər-/ - [ahy-ruh-nee, ahy-er-] -
Sample Sentence- the irony of her reply, “How nice!” when I said I had to work all weekend.
John Cooper
external image BollingDude.gif

defintion: to place close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast.
pronunciation: jux·ta·pose juhk-stuh-pohz

Sample sentence: The fauvists juxtaposed strong colors
Original sentence: The way the artist juxtaposed the images of a young and old man together gave the painting a new point of view.
Memory tip-Juxta means near and pose looks like posse which has more than one member so think of it as objects near each other.
_trevor rappa

LITOTES: definition- a deliberate understatement, often expressed negatively, as in "I am not unmindful of your devotion"
pronunciation- li-to-tes
sample sentence- "I'm not very good at sports...well that's the understatement of the year."
original sentenc-"I am not unmindful of your devotion"
image- external image litotes.gif
memory tip: litotes are almost always negative
Caity Baugh

Definition - a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
pronunciation -"met-uh-fawr"
Sample Sentence - The poem used a metaphor to compare a stormy sea with life's troubles.
image -
-Julie Parsons

- defonition:: Using a vaguely suggestive, physical object to embody a more general idea. The term metonym also applies to the object itself used to suggest that more general idea.
- pronunciation:
- example: "Washington" for the United States government
- original sentence: The "crown" gave orders to prepare for war.
- image:
- memory tip: use the example of the crown for the royal family to remember that metonamy means using a suggestive object to refer to something broader.
- Haley Stuckey


ONOMATOPOEIA: definition- the formation or use of words that imitate the sound associated with something, e.g. "hiss" and "buzz"
pronunciation- on-o-mat-o-poe-ia
sample sentence- The birds "chirped".
original sentence- n/a
image- external image onomatopoeia_aimeee400.jpg
memory tip: it's about sound
Caity Baugh

definition: a combination of contradictory or incongruous words (as cruel kindness); broadly : something (as a concept) that is made up of contradictory or incongruous elements
pronunciation: external image audio.gif "äk-sE-'mor-"än
sample sentence: She was alone in a crowd.
original sentence: The assignment was clear as mud
image:external image istockphoto_273498_oxymoron.jpg
memory tip: two things that are completely different and contrasting
Rylee Russell

Definition - a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson.
pronunciation - "par-uh-buhl"
sample sentence - Jesus was known for telling parable in order to teach religious principles to his followers.
image - external image rrsn38l.jpg
-Julie Parsons

definition:1 : a tenet contrary to received opinion
2 a : a statement that is seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true b : a self-contradictory statement that at first seems true c : an argument that apparently derives self-contradictory conclusions by valid deduction from acceptable premises
3 : one (as a person, situation, or action) having seemingly contradictory qualities or phases
pronunciation:external image audio.gif 'per-&-"däks
sample sentence: The silence of midnight rung in my ears
original sentence: The darkness in the white room prevented me from seeing my friend.
image:external image jmo0830l.jpg
memory tip: not common sence, yet it's true!
Rylee Russell

PERSONIFICATION: definition- the attribution of human qualities to objects or abstract notions
pronunciation- per-son-i-fi-ca-tion
sample sentence-The chocolate cake was calling my name.
original sentence- n/a
memory tip- its about human characteristics
Caity Baugh

SIMILE: a comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison (like or as) is used.
Sample sentence: She eats like a bird

definition:something that stands for or suggests something else
pronunciation: external image audio.gifhear it again
sample sentence: In the book, the girl's pink ribbon symbolized her innocence.
memory tip: symbol and sign both start with an s, a symbol is like a sign
---Ellen Clay

Definition- a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.
external image hankypa.gif
Pronunciation- syn·ec·do·che external image premium.gif external image thinsp.pngexternal image speaker.gif /sɪˈnɛkexternal image thinsp.pngexternal image thinsp.pngki/ - [si-nek-duh-kee] -
Sample Sentence- For there's ten sails for ten ships.
Original Sentence- N/A
John Cooper