parazitical.jpgXlogo.jpg
RESEARCH TOPICS FROM CH15-19

NAME
Homework submitted


  1. BLYTH, EMMA
Mecca
  1. CHOW, STEPHEN
Cassius
  1. DONNEL, EMILY
Ihram
  1. GEBHARDT, JOEL
Pilgrimage
  1. HAMILTON, CJ
Ka’ea
  1. JESSURUN, LANCE
Relationship between Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X
  1. KHAN, ALIA
NAACP
  1. MCMAHON, JANE
Conflict between Irish and the English
  1. MORTIMER, JACE
What happened to Wallace?
  1. RAY, JON
Nation of Islam and Eastern Islam
  1. SMITH, ERIN
Prayer Rugs
  1. WALKER, SAMANTHA
Ghana Culture
  1. WEIS, ANNA
Muhammad Speaks
Emily Donnel-
Jane McMahon

Lance Jessurun

Samantha Walker

Emma Blyth

Anna Weis


Jace Mortimer

Joel Gebhardt

CJ Hamilton

Jon Ray

Alia Khan
Erin Smith
Stephen Chow

Melanie Goebel


Sam Mueting

Stephanie Carlson -
Marissa Diekhoff

Katie Newport
Claire Brownstone

Tegan Hunter


Elora Karim

Elizabeth Kelly
Aaron Tuttle

Mini Explanations of ALLUSIONS with Pictures


from Clesson sections

Vocabulary from the AUTOBIOGRAPHY ...

EACH AP student from 8 and 9 has been assigned a chapter from which they should find and post three vocabulary words. Our assignment is as it has been, with one exception: Word, Pronunciation (sound link), Full Definition(s) + published sample sentence(s), an original sentence with clear context clue, image, and memory tip. The exception is this: in place of an original sentence, copy the sentence that the word was in from the book.

Please post your words in alphabetical order, and sign your posts so that you get credit for your work.

CHAPTER ONE
Cronies
http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?crony001.wav=crony
Definition -- a close friend or companion
Published sample sentence – He was my crony from a longtime back we have known each other forever.
Sentence from book (pg. 20) – “Mr.Gohannas was close cronies with some other men who, some Saturday s, would take me to Big Boy with them hunting rabbits.”
Memory trick- Cronies is like crowd and when you are usually in a crowd you have close friends with you


Disseminate- to scatter or spread widely, as though sowing seed; promulgate extensively; broadcast; disperse: to disseminate information about preventive medicine.
Original Sentence: Among the reasons my father had decided to risk and dedicate his life to help disseminate this philosophy among his people was that he had seen four of his six brothers die by violence, three of them killed by white men, including one by lynching
Published Sentence: Information about HIV is being widely disseminated in Africa.

(dĭ-sěm'ə-nāt')
external image Disseminate.png-melanie matlock

Dissent- to differ in sentiment or opinion, esp. from the majority; withhold assent; disagree.
Original Sentence: Soon, nearly everywhere my father went, Black Legionnaires were reviling him as an “uppity nigger” for wanting to own a store, for living outside the Lansing Negro district, for spreading unrest and dissention among “the good niggers.”
Published Sentence: Two of the justices dissented from the majority decision.

/dɪˈsɛnt/ [di-sent]
external image dissent_fist.jpg-melanie matlock


Exhort- to urge, advise, or caution earnestly; admonish urgently.














Original Sentence: With the help of such disciples as my father, Garvey, from his headquarters in New York City’s Harlem, was raising the banner of black-race purity and exhorting the Negro masses to return to their ancestral African homeland- a cause which had made Garvey the most controversial black man on earth.
Published Sentence: Let me exhort you to take care of yourself. --J. D. Forbes.
/ɪgˈzɔrt/ Show Spelled Pronunciation [ig-zawrt]
external image 06EXHORT_300.jpg-melanie matlock
Exhort
http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?exhort01.wav=exhort
Definition -- to give urgent advice, recommendations, or warnings.
Published sample sentence -- They exhort him to write the letter
Sentence from book (pg. 1) – “… Garvey was raising the banner of black-race purity and exhorting the Negro masses to return to their ancestral African homeland…”
Memory trick – exhort sounds somewhat like exit so you try to bring someone out of where they currently are and urge them to do something different


Incense
http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?incens01.wav=incense
Definition – Verb – to inflame with wrath
Published Sentence – When she did not get her way sometimes she became incensed
Sentence from book (pg. 13) – “She would get particularly incensed when they began insisting upon drawing us older children aside, one at a time, out on the porch or somewhere, and asking us questions, or telling us things—against our mother and against each other.”
Memory trick- when you think of incense you think of burning, so you can think of someone burning with anger
angry.jpg


CHAPTER TWO-Delayne Durdle
anthropological-
**http://education.yahoo.com/ref/dictionary/audio/a/0332300.wav;_ylt=Ajc_BoauFOYLhkN7QuIoYzaugMMF** ,

1.
the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind.
2.
the study of human beings' similarity to and divergence from other animals.
3.
the science of humans and their works.
4.
Also called philosophical anthropology. the study of the nature and essence of humankind.
"changing the church's anthropology to include more positive images of women" (Priscilla Hart).
"He added, I remember, an ANTHROPOLOGICAL footnote on his own, telling us between laguhs about how Negroes' feet were "so big that when they walk, the dont' leave tracks, they leave a whole in the ground.""
external image brochure_cvr.jpg
hint-none-just have to remember it
feigned
Listen to the pronunciation of feign
Listen to the pronunciation of feign

1.
pretended; sham; counterfeit: feigned enthusiasm.
2.
assumed; fictitious: a feigned name.
3.
disguised: a feigned voice.
Give ear unto my prayer, that goeth not out of feigned lips. --Ps. xvii.
"I couldn't have feigned indiffernence if I had tried to."
external image ksmn707l.jpg
hint-feign sounds like fake

bourgeoisie-
http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?bourge05.wav=bourgeoisie
1. in Marxist theory) the class that, in contrast to the proletariat or wage-earning class, is primarily concerned with property values.
Historically, the bourgeoisie comes from the middle or merchant classes of the Middle Ages, whose status or power came from employment, education, and wealth, as distinguished from those whose power came from being born into an aristorcratic family of land owners. In modern times, it is the class owning the means for producing wealth.
"I've often thought that if Mr. Ostrowski had encouraged me to become a lawyer, I would today probably be among some city's professional black bourgeoisie, sipping cocktails and palming myself off as a community spokesman for and leader of the souffering black masses, while my primary concern would be to grab a few more crumbs from the groaning board of the two-faced whites with whom they're begging to "integrate.""

external image 1829-philadelphia-black-bourgeoisie-flesh-coloured.jpg
hint-n/a just have to remember
CHAPTER THREE- Ashlee Sang

Lye (n): A chemical straightening treatment commonly used to relax hair and make soap. The active ingredient is sodium hydroxide.
Listen to the pronunciation of lye
Listen to the pronunciation of lye

Sentence from book: “…where I got a can of Red Devil lye, two eggs, and two medium-sized white potatoes.”
Published sentence: A woman whose estranged husband blinded and disfigured her by dousing her with lye faced him in court at his sentencing (from Newser, LLC)
Memory tip: Malcolm used lye to live a lie.



Misapprehension (n): misunderstanding
Listen to the pronunciation of misapprehend
Listen to the pronunciation of misapprehend

Sentence from book: “Under the pitiful misapprehension that it would make them “better,” these Hill Negroes were breaking their backs trying to imitate white people.”
Published Sentence: On a Misapprehension of the Status of Theories in Linguistics (a JSTOR article)
Memory tip: MISapprehension = MISunderstanding


Squiring (v): escorting, or attending to the needs of another
Listen to the pronunciation of 1squire
Listen to the pronunciation of 1squire

Sentence from book: “The most glamorous-looking white women I’d ever seen…and taking their arms and squiring them inside.”
Published Sentence: Oure Hoost asks the Squire to tell a tale "somwhat of love" (Chaucer)
Memory tip: a knight's squire tended to the needs of the knight, just like a person who is squiring attends to the needs of the other person



CHAPTER FOUR - Christine Do
Lindy
Also called lindy hop. A n energetic and lively jitterbug dance.
Sentence from book: Any two people who can lindy at all can lindy together.
Published Sentence: “I went to Sacramento a few weeks ago for the Sacramento lindy exchange.”
Memory Trick: You can remember that it is a lively dance by the letters in lindy: L for lively and D for dance.
lindy.gif
Gauge
To measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to estimate; to judge of.
Sentence from book: I gauged that indirectly.
Published sentence: “You shall not gauge me By what we do to-night.”
Memory Trick: The word gauge used as a noun is an instrument for measuring. The verb form also deals with measuring.

gauge.png

Connoisseur
A person who is especially competent to pass critical judgments in an art, particularly one of the fine arts, or in matters of taste
Sentence from book: They never had seen the feather-lightness that she gave to lindying, a completely fresh style – and they were connoisseurs of styles.
Published sentence: “The connoisseur is "one who knows," as opposed to the dilettant, who only "thinks he knows."”
Memory Trick: You can remember that connoisseurs pass critical judgment, and when you think of critical it is usually negative, and con is the prefix for negative things.
cono.jpg


CH. FIVE -Emily Donnan
stumblebums
pronunciation: \ˈstəm-bəl-ˌbəm\
Listen to the pronunciation of stumblebum
Listen to the pronunciation of stumblebum

full definition: a clumsy or inept person ; especially : an inept boxer
published sample sentence: “It quickly became apparent after the arrests of these bozos that they were essentially a bunch of big-talking stumblebums and losers without money, without weapons, without military training, without anything resembling operational knowledge of what it would take to bring down the Sears Tower, and had never even been to Chicago.” –Alan Bock in the article Prosecuting No-Threat Stumblebums
original sentence: “I had seen a lot, but never such a dense concentration of stumblebums, pushers, hookers, public crapshooters, even little kids running around at midnight begging for pennies, half-naked and barefooted.” –pg 75
memory tip: if you are clumsy you often stumble and if you are a bum you are generally considered inept or unable to live successfully in society so a stumblebum is both of these things at once
stumblebum.jpg

depraved
pronunciation: \di-ˈprāvd\
Listen to the pronunciation of depraved
Listen to the pronunciation of depraved

full definition: marked by corruption or evil ; especially : perverted
published sample sentence: “Only a corrupt, depraved government could invent a crime you commit against yourself” –Carmen Yarrusso
original sentence: “I was going to become one of the most depraved parasitical hustlers among New York’s eight million people...” –pg 79
memory tip: depraved sounds similar to the word depressed and it is depressing to think about things that are corrupt or evil
depraved.jpg

ingratiate
pronunciation: \in-ˈgrā-shē-ˌāt\
Listen to the pronunciation of ingratiate
Listen to the pronunciation of ingratiate

full definition: to gain favor or favorable acceptance for by deliberate effort —usually used with with<ingratiate themselves with the community leaders — William Attwood>
published sample sentence: “This was to be a sore point with Attwood that would lead him to keep Parkes at arm’s length, despite the latter’s subsequent efforts to ingratiate himself when the Union achieved national influence.” –David J. Moss from his book Thomas Attwood (pg 169)
original sentence: “Thanks to him, I learned very quickly dozens of little things that could really ingratiate a new waiter with the cooks and bartenders.” –pg 84
memory tip: ingratiate kind of sounds like grace and when you ingratiate yourself you are trying to get in someone’s good graces
ingratiate.jpg

Lindy-hopping - Ryanne

Definition: an energetic American dance that was popular in the 1930s (probably named for the aviator Charles Lindbergh) [syn: lindy]

Original sentence: The ballroom made the Roseland in Boston look small and shabby by comparison. And the lindy-hopping there matched the size and elegance of the place. Pg 77.

external image IMG_3232.jpg

Memory tip: it in the picture it looks like they are dancing and hoping around. It is easy to picture an energetic dance with lots of movement and hoping.


Bazaar - Ryanne


Definition: a market (as in the Middle East) consisting of rows of shops or stalls selling miscellaneous goods Original sentence: up and down along and between Lenox and Seventh and Eighth avenues, Harlem was like some Technicolor bazaar. Pg 77.

external image egyptian_bazaar2.jpg

Memory tip: I bet you would find some pretty bizarre things at a bazaar.


Parasitical- Ryanne

Definition: a person who exploits the hospitality of the rich and earns welcome by flattery Original sentence: I was going to become one of the most depraved parasitical hustlers among New York’s eight million people-four million of whom work, and the other four million of whom live off them. Pg 78.

external image jwe0211l.jpg

Memory tip: when you are being parasitical you are being like a leech because you live off of other people.

CH. SIX- Kari Fowler

Gunja: is a slang word for weed or marijuana.

Published sentence: “Marijuana is self-punishing. It makes you acutely sensitive, and in this world, what worse punishment could there be?” P.J O’Rourke

Sentence from book: “Merchant marine sailors often brought foreign items, bargains, and the best marijuana cigarettes to be had were made of gunja and kisca that merchant sailors smuggled in from Africa and Persia.”

Memory tip: gunja sounds a lot like gun, so you can remember if you smoke marijuana a cop will arrest you.

Audio clip can be found here: http://www.answers.com/topic/ganja

marijuana-leaf.jpg

Speakeasies: a saloon or nightclub selling alcoholic beverages illegally during prohibition.

Published Sentence: "In the spring of '27, something bright and alien flashed across the sky. A young Minnesotan who seemed to have nothing to do with his generation did a heroic thing, and for a moment people set down their glasses in country clubs and speakeasies and thought their old best dreams." F. Scott Fitzgerald.

Sentence from book: “When it got late, Sophia and I would go to some of the after hour places and speakeasies.”

Memory Tip: In the word Speakeasies you can clearly hear to words, speak and easy. At a speakeasy it is a place to relax and unwind. People are able to speak their minds easily.

Audio clip can be found at this website: http://www.answers.com/speakeasies

prohibition-6.jpg

Peddler: A person who tries to promote a cause or a person who sells from door to door or in the street.

Published sentence: “If I would be a young man again and had to decide how to make my living, I would not try to become a scientist or scholar or teacher. I would rather choose to be a plumber or a peddler in the hope to find that modest degree of independence still available under present circumstance.” Albert Einstein.

Sentence from book: “Many a peddler was in jail because he had been caught with the evidence on his person; I figured a way to avoid that.”

Memory tip: Think of a person on a bike peddling down the street trying to sell stuff.

Audio can be found at this website: http://www.answers.com/peddler

340x.jpg

Chapter Six Cont.- Rob Hanson

Drawl

Definition: a slow speech pattern with prolonged vowels Published Sentence: “The Gulf Coast is still marvelously Southern, alive with drawls and twangs and other musical accents.”- Chicago Tribune, November 4, 2001

Book Sentence: “One of his white women, known as “Alabama Peach,” a blonde, could put everybody in stitches with her drawl; even the several Negro women numbers controllers around Small’s really liked her.” (page 91)

Memory Tip: To drawl something out means to take a long time. Think of drawing a good picture that takes a long time. Pronunciation: 1drawl

drawl.jpg

Longshoreman

Definition: A dock worker who loads and unloads ships Published Sentence: “Instead of having to show up at the waterfront to find out if there is work, longshoremen without regular positions will merely have to be available at home until 9 A.M”- New York Times, June 6, 1989

Book Sentence: “Longshoremen, or fences for them, would come into the bars selling guns, cameras, perfumes, watches, and the like, stolen from the shipping docks.” (page 89)

Memory Tip: “shore” is easy to remember because longshoremen work on docks, on the ocean shore. Traditionally, longshoremen are men. Think of a tall man working at a dock. Pronunciation: long·shore·man

longshoremen.jpg

Vinegary

Definition: having a sour disposition; ill-tempered Published Sentence: “…crying when Jamie comes out to his mum; and laughing at Harvey’s vinegary vulgarity.”- UBC, September 20, 2006

Book Sentence: Some others had that vinegary “worst kind of n*&&!@” look. (page 109)

Memory Tip: Most people would be in a bad mood, or a vinegary mood, if they had to drink vinegar Pronunciation: vin·e·gary

vinegary.jpg

CH. SEVEN Kieran Pereira

Loot (noun) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/loot (audio) - a collection of valued objects

Book quote- “Watching me work this hustle back in Harlem, Reginald quickly caught on to how to go into barbershops, beauty parlors, and bars acting very nervous as he let the customers peek into his small valise of “loot.” Pg 112 paragraph 4

-hint- plundering, or taking loot of a lost city

070426005.jpg

Peddling (verb) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/peddling (audio) -to carry (small articles, goods, wares, etc.) from place to place for sale at retail; hawk

Book quote- “I had during the next two years in Harlem, after the abrupt end of my riding the trains and peddling reefers to the touring bands.” Pg 108 paragraph 1

-hint- refer to a bike 610x.jpg

Valise (noun) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/valise (audio) - a small piece of luggage that can be carried by hand, used to hold clothing, toilet articles, etc.; suitcase; traveling bag. -

Book quote – “Watching me work this hustle back in Harlem, Reginald quickly caught on to how to go into barbershops, beauty parlors, and bars acting very nervous as he let the customers peek into his small valise of “loot.” Pg 112 paragraph 4 -

Hint- suitcase 5288_ferrari_valise_luggage_case_1.jpg

CHAPTER EIGHT -- Melissa Seeborg

Benzedrine (noun): a form of amphetamine

Sentence from book: I had a bottle of benzedrine tablets in my bathroom; I swallowed some of them to perk up.

Published sentence: The doctor prescribed benzedrine for the patient with narcolepsy.

Memory Trick: ‘—drine’ sounds like it is a type of medicine, so it makes sense that ‘Benzedrine’ is a type of drug.


benzedrinetin.jpg

hoodwinked (verb): To take in by deceptive means; deceive

Sentence from book: West Indian Archie knew that some young hustlers rose in stature in our world when they somehow hoodwinked older hustlers, then put it on the wire for everyone to hear.

Published sentence: The criminal was hoodwinked by the police.

Memory Trick: ‘Hoodwinked’ kind of sounds like it could describe some creeper who is dressed in a hood and winks at people to deceive them. This could show how being ‘hoodwinked’ means being deceived or tricked.


hoodwinked.jpeg

impasse (noun) : a position or situation from which there is no escape; deadlock.

Sentence from book: It was a classic hustler-code impasse.

Published sentence: The peace talks reached an impasse, so the parties left to assess their position.

Memory Trick: ‘Impasse’ sounds like something that is impossible to pass through, like a tricky situation with no solution.


impasse.jpeg





CH. NINE Alex Scharf

1. Prestige: A) standing or estimation in the eyes of people B) commanding position in people's minds
Sound pre-ˈstēzh, -ˈstēj
Sentence in Book: (pg 139. 6th paragraph) That was the feeling that hustlers everywhere else had: if you could hustle and make it in New York, they were well off to know you; it gave them prestige.
Published Sentence: Prestige is the shadow of money and power. -C. Wright Mills
prestige.jpg

2. Talcum Powder: An astringent powder used for preventing rashes made of talc. Baby Powder.
[[http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?talcum01.wav=talcum powder|Sound]] ˈtal-kəm
Sentence in Book: (pg 143. 3rd paragraph) He paid Rudy to undress them both, then pick up the old man like a baby, lay him on his bed, then stand over him and sprinkle him all over with Talcum Powder.
Published Sentence:
talcum_powder.jpg
3.Jimmy (tool): A short crowbar.
Sound ˈji-mē
Sentence in Book: (pg 152. 12th paragraph) A jimmy, a lockpick, glasscutters, screwdrivers, pencilbeam flashlights, false keys... and my small arsenal of guns.
Published Sentence:
jimmy.jpg

CH. TEN- Ila Sruti

1. Dungarees (noun)- work clothes or overalls of blue denim
Pronunciation: http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?dungar01.wav=dungaree
dəŋ-gə-ˈ
Sentence from Book: “I remember seeing her catch herself, then try to smile at me, not in the faded dungarees stenciled with my number.“
Published Sentence: “A very interesting phrase of Mrs. Miniver’s is spiritual dungaree, meaning ‘spiritual denims’ of ‘overalls’, dungaree being from the Hindu dungri, a kind of canvas cotton cloth” [Village Smithy, Shop or Man?; Article from JSTOR]
Memory tip: dungarees makes you think of something gross, and overalls are not that appealing to look at.
dungaree.jpg
2. Tutelage (noun)- the act of guarding, protecting, or guiding
Pronunciation: http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?tutela01.wav=tutelage
ˈtü-tə-lij
Sentence from Book: “Under Bimbi’s tutelage, too, I had gotten myself some little cell block swindles going.”
Published sentence: “Long before the revolution was launched, the battle of the Palestinian people against a policy of reactionary containment and tutelage had already begun.” [ No To Tutelage; Article from JSTOR]
Memory tip: tutelage kind-of sounds like tutor, who is a person that helps and guides you.
tutelage.gif

3. Malicious (adjective)- full of, or showing, malice or spite
Pronunciation: http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?malici01.wav=malicious

Sentence from book: “In place of the atmosphere of malicious gossip, perversion, grafting, hateful guards, there was more relative ‘culture’, as ‘culture’ is interpreted in prisons.”
Published Sentence: “That discussion highlights the widely varying forms of violence in social life, including many instances that are neither driven by malicious intent nor socially repudiated.”
Memory Tip: Malicious rhymes with vicious, and people who are malicious usually are vicious, or do not have honorable intentions.
malcious.jpg
CHAPTER 10 - Kasey Le

1. Paralytic http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?paraly04.wav=paralytic
· adjective
o affected with, characterized by, or causing paralysis
o pertaining to or of the nature of paralysis
· noun
o a person affected with paralysis
· Malcolm X – “A celebrity among the Norfolk Prison Colony inmates was a rich, older fellow, a paralytic, called John.”
· Published Sentence – “After the traffic accident, my brother displayed paralytic symptoms.”
· Memory Tip - paralyze is the root word of paralytic
Paralytic.jpg

2. Mimeograph http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?mimeog01.wav=mimeograph
· noun
o a duplicator for making many copies that utilizes a stencil through which ink is pressed
· transitive verb
o to make a mimeograph
· Malcolm X – “When the mimeographed listings of available passed from cell to cell, I would put my number next to titles that appealed to me which weren’t already taken.”
· Published Sentence – “She mimeographed the syllabus.”
· Memory Tip – mimeograph are like mimes because they are a copy of something else
Mimeograph.jpg


3. Susceptible http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?suscep02.wav=susceptible
· adjective
o capable of submitting to an action, process, or operation
o open, subject, or unresistant to some stimulus, influence, or agency
· Malcolm X – “The humans resulting ,he knew, would be, as they became lighter, and weaker, progressively also more susceptible to wickedness and evil.”
· Published Sentence – “She was susceptible to pneumonia.”
· Memory Tip – You should try to be susceptible like you should try to be a suspect
Suspect.jpg




CH. ELEVEN- Maggie Irvin
inoculation- noun,
Definition: the introduction of a vaccine into a living organism to insure immunity to a disease or the communication of principles into the mind.
Published Sentence: inoculate children against diphtheria
Malcolm X: They used as a reason for my transfer that I refused to take some kind of shots, an inoculation or something.
Memory Tip: most people don't like needles, so you would "not" like an i"noc"ulation.
external image 60273-inoculation.jpg
rehabilitation- noun
Definition: The restoration of somone into a useful place in society or vindication of a person's character and the re-establishment of that person' reputation.
Published Sentence: "The rehabilitation examples have reflected this finding and concentrate on the individual skills of each position."
Malcolm X: As you can imagine, especially in a prison where there was heavy emphasis on rehabilitation, an inmate was smiled upon if he demonstrated an unusually intense interest in books.
Memory tip: when someone goes to rehab for drug abuse, they must learn to live without drugs, thus becoming useful in society.
external image TorontoRehab_Logoblue.jpg
Sufficiency- noun
Definition: an adequate amount or quantity
Published Sentence: there is more than a sufficiency of lawyers in this country.
Malcolm X: We were taught that this was Allah's way of letting Muslim's know His sufficiency to defend his Messenger against any and all opposition, as long as the Messenger himself didn't deviate from the path of truth.
Memory Tip: Suffice is similar to suffer, but is something is sufficient, there will be no suffering.
external image self_sufficient.gif
CH. TWELVE
Ablution- Carly Schumacher
Sound
1 a cleansing with water or other liquid, esp. as a religious ritual.
2 the liquid thus used.
3 a washing of the hands, body, etc.
Ablution is part of some religious ceremonies.” –Cambridge Dictionaries
“’In the name of Allah, I perform the ablution,’ the Muslim said aloud before washing first the right hand, then the left hand.” –p. 197
Memory Tip: Ablution is pronounced with the word “blue” in the middle. Water is considered ‘blue’, and water is the main thing used in ablutions.
ablution
ablution

Galvanized-Carly Schumacher
Sound
1 to subject to the action of an electric current especially for the purpose of stimulating physiologically
2 to stimulate or excite as if by an electric shock
“Issues that once galvanized the electorate fade into irrelevance.” –dictionary.com
“I would sit, galvanized, hearing what I then accepted from Mr. Muhammad’s own mouth as being the true history of our religion, the true religion for the black man.” -p. 212
Memory tip: If one is galvanized, they might be surprised and paralyzed.
galvanized
galvanized


Thrice- Carly Schumacher
Sound
1 three times —often used in combination
2 in a threefold manner or degree
3 to a high degree
Verily I say unto thee. That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.” -Matt. xxvi. 34.
“The nostrils were also rinsed out thrice.” –p. 197
Memory tip: Thrice sounds like three
thrice
thrice



CH. THIRTEEN - Paige Knippenberg
Borough - noun [bur-oh, buhr-oh]
Definition: one of the five administrative divisions of New York City
Malcolm X sentence (p 219) - And nowhere in America was such a single temple potential available as in New York's five boroughs.
Memory tip: Burrow, as in a hole in the ground made by an animal, has the same pronunciation as borough. A burrow is a division of the ground/soil and a borough is a division of New York City.
map_boroughs.JPG

Preponderance - noun [pri-pon-der-uhexternal image thinsp.pngns]
Definition: superiority in weight, numbers, power, etc.
Malcolm X sentence (p 225) - Also, where the Nationalists whom we had "fished" were almost all men, among the storefront Christians, a heavy preponderance were women, and I had the sense to offer something special for them.
Memory tip: When there is a large amount of something, and too much to count (such as people in the picture below), you are left to ponder the exact number. Ponder is in the word Preponderance.
20435_huge_crowd_bw_1020.jpg

Privy - adjective [priv-ee]
Definition: 1) participating in the knowledge of something private or secret 2) p[rivate; assigned to private uses
Malcolm X sentence (p 222) - As for white people, except for that relative handful privy to certain police or prison files, not five hundred white people in all of American knew we existed.
Memory tip: Privy sounds very similar to private.
SuperStock_1795R-7650.jpg

CH. FOURTEEN Amanda Lawler
Vainglorious (veyn-glawr-ee-uhs) Vainglorious
Definition: the feeling of excessive pride in one's achievements and abilities; showing boastful vanity
Published Sentence: "He possessed an arrogant and vainglorious expression." - Sir M. Hale
Original Sentence: "He loves himself so much that he is startled if he discovers that his victims don't share his vainglorious self-opinion." -Alex Haley
Memory Tip: The meaning of vain is to think highly of yourself and the meaning of glorious is something good. Putting those together only adds to your ego.
VAIN2.jpg
"Good Massa" (good mahs-sah) Massa
Definition: a lifting up, gift, happy, content in their self-image
Published Sentence: "wen I wus a cryin' an' a groanin' to de Lord wid all my might, den, massa, de Lord, hard me, an' He open de door, an' de little chile run in, and put arms round my neck, an' he told me I neber cry no more, 'case the good massa Preston hab got him! Oh it wus too much, massa, fur 'ou's so good, the Lord's so good, massa!" - Martha Walker Cook
Original Sentence: He knew he could always count on them to keep "good massa" happy in his self-image of being so "good" and "righteous."- Alex Haley
Memory Tip: Massa reminds me of mass, and if someone is happy with thier weight/ mass they have a good self-image. Becuase of this, they have good massa.
GOOD_LUCK.jpg
Supremacy (suh-prem-uh-see) Supremacy
Definition: authority or power to dominate or defeat
Published Sentence: "The usurped power of the pope being destroyed, the crown was restored to its supremacy over spiritual men and causes."-Blackstone
Original Sentence: "Mr. Malcolm X, why do you teach black supremacy, and hate?"- Alex Haley
Memory Tip: The beginning of the word supremacy starts with super, and super means above or higher. So supremacy means the dominant higher force.
BORNE.jpg

Aegis--Wen

http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?aegis002.wav=aegis
1. Classical Mythology. the shield or breastplate of Zeus or Athena, bearing at its center the head of the Gorgon.
2. protection; support: under the imperial aegis
3. sponsorship; auspices: a debate under the aegis of the League of Women Voters.
If some white man, or “approved” black man, created a narcotics cure program as successful as the one conducted under the aegis of the Muslims, why, there would be government subsidy, and praise and spotlights and headlines.
A music program developed under the aegis of the conductor.
Adam the knight was under the aegis of Alexander the Great

SH854_Templar_Knights_Shield.jpg

Convalescing--Wen

http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?conval01.wav=convalesce
To recover health and strength gradually after sickness or weakness
Despite the fact that Mr. Muhammad, convalescing, could no longer work the daily long hours he had previously worked in Chicago, he was now more than ever burdened with heavy decision-making and administrative duties.
After the necessary medical procedures to repair his damaged hip a further six weeks of convalescence was required to allow his total recovery.
After Caity’s convalescence for three weeks, Dr. Carlson called Caity to proclaim that she no longer needs to be cured.
Doctor.gif

Penologist--Wen

http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?penolo01.wav=penology
n. The study, theory, and practice of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
This was how we learned that after wanting to know what happened within our Temples, the white law agencies’ second major concern was the thing that I believe still ranks today as a big worry among America’s penologists: the steadily increasing rate at which black convicts embrace Islam.
A penologist works in the prison system, has direct contact with inmates and is involved in inmates' rehabilitation and return to society
Both penologist and prison start with a “P”

38166-004-D6777754.jpg
Thomas Mott Osborne—famous American penologist

CH. FIFTEEN

Monocled- Ryan Woodall
wearing, or having the face adorned with, eyeglasses or an eyeglass




external image Monocle%20Man.jpg
"The sun has set forever on that monocled, pith-helmeted resident colonialist, sipping tea with his delicate lady in the non-white colonies being systematically robbed of every valuable resource." - From Malcolm X
"A cynic is a man who looks at the world with a monocle in his mind's eye”. Carolyn Wells
Memory Tip- When you are wearing a monocle you are monocled
Pervading- Ryan Woodall
to become spread throughout all parts


“And the white man’s second most pervading dread was his image of the black man entering the body of a white women.”
- From Malcolm X
"The one pervading evil of democracy is the tyranny of the majority, or rather of that party, not always the majority, that succeeds by force or fraud, in carrying elections." - John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton
Memory Tip- When you pervade an idea you are trying to persaude others
external image istockphoto_1188761-spilled-gummi-bears.jpg

Ruse- Ryan Woodall
a trick, stratagem, or artifice



"With this “noble” ruse, he conned his own wife to look away from his obvious preference for the “animal” black woman."
-From Malcolm X
"Nature hides her secrets because of her essential loftiness, but not by means of ruse." -Albert Einstein
Memory Trick- A magician makes a rabbit appear out of a hat by a ruse, rabbit and ruse start with "r"
external image 025-magician-01.png
CH. SIXTEEN
goad:


to prick or drive with, or as if with, a goad; prod; incite. also, a stick or something to prod with.
"... leaders who tried to benefit personally, often goaded into it by their wives." Malcolm X
Most dangerous is that temptation that doth goad us on to sin in loving virtue.- William Shakespeare
Memory tip: goad sounds like poke
stick.jpg


commiserate:
to feel or express sorrow of sympathy for; empathize with; pity
"... and by all of the other people so anxious to gloat, to speculate and to "commiserate."- Malcolm X
"To commiserate is sometimes more than to give, for money is external to a man's self, but he who bestows compassion communicates his own soul."- William Mountford
Memory tip: commiserate sounds like compassion
images.jpg

furor:

a general outburst of enthusiasm, excitement, controversy, or the like.
2
a prevailing fad, mania, or craze.
3.
fury; rage; madness.
"Nothing in all the furor which followed was more ridiculous than Floyd Patterson announcing that as a Catholic..."- Malcolm X
"Anger is momentary madness, so control your passion or it will control you. [La., Ira furor brevis est: animum rege: qui nisi paret imperat.]" - Horace
memory tip: furor sounds like fury
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Allison Vaughn

CH. SEVENTEEN

Pilgrimage: (Hana Ayele)
Pronunciation [ [pil-gruh-mij]
Definition: a journey, esp. a long one, made to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion
Published Sentence: “As I make my slow pilgrimage through the world, a certain sense of beautiful mystery seems to gather and grow.” - A.C. Benson
Original Sentence: “ The pilgrimage to Mecca, known as Hajj, is a religious obligation that every orthodox Muslim fulfills, if humanly able, at least once in his or her lifetime.” - Autobiography of Malcolm X
Memory Tip: the root word of pilgrimage is ‘pilgrim’ and it was the pilgrims that went on a journey to a new land, much like people who are going on pilgrimage are also going on a journey
Image: external image mina-to-mecca-c-transp-250h.jpg



Disembarkation: (Hana Ayele)
Pronunciation [dis-em-bahr-key-shuh n]
Definition: 1. To go ashore from a ship 2. To leave an aircraft or other vehicle

Published Sentence: “Upon disembarkation, I espied with wonder the riches that abounded” - Robert Truscott
Original Sentence: “ It’s [Jedda] a seaport town on the Red Sea, the arrival or disembarkation point for all pilgrims who come to Arabia to go to Mecca.”
- Autobiography of Malcolm X
Memory Tip: the root word disembark means to exit or leave vehicle, usually a ship, and disembarkation means to go ashore or leave
Image: external image c?q=5ce3dda34175b8ee_landing

Circumambulated (Hana Ayele)
Pronunciation
Definition: to circle on foot especially ritualistically
Published Sentence: "Circumambulate the city of a dreamy Sabbath afternoon." - Moby Dick
Original Sentence: “ Three separate times, after that, I visited the Great Mosque and circumambulated the Ka’ba.” Autobiography of Malcolm X
Memory Tip: a circumference is the width of a circle, and to circumambulate is to circle something
Image: external image WalkinginCircles6.jpg

Izar-Anna Vaughn
Def: a long, usually white cotton dress that covers the body completely, worn by women of North Africa and the Middle East
Book Sentence: One, the Izar, was folded around the loins.
Memory tip: sounds like tsar and histroically Russian women were expected to keep themselves covered while at church.
external image izar.gif

Intricate- Anna Vaughn
Def: having many interrelated parts or facets
Sentence: Bluster, sputter, question, cavil; be sure your argument be intricate enough to confound the court. -William Wycherley
Book Sentence: It was because so much intricate care was taken to weave fine rugs in countries where rugs were so culturally versatile.
Memory tip: It begins with the same letter pattern as interrelated so you know that it will include things coming together
external image intricate-tile-work-750.jpg

Versatile- Anna Vaughn
Def: capable of or adpated for turning easily from one to another of various tasks, fields of endeavour
Sentence: I always loved Sam Cooke, because he seemed very versatile. He sang gospel, soul, blues, pop music. - Aaron Neville
Book Sentence: It was because so much intricate care was taken to weave fine rugs in countries where rugs were so culturally versatile.
Memory tip: VERsatile means VERy adaptable
external image 210-Versatile-Floorplan.jpg

CH. EIGHTEEN

Municipality, n.
pronunciation
pronunciation

  1. A political unit, such as a city, town, or village, incorporated for local self-government.
  2. A body of officials appointed to manage the affairs of a local political unit.
Dictionary sentence: That municipality is known for its careful planning and beautiful parks.
Original sentence: The municipality had trouble controlling the locals.
Sentence from book: I talked with the Mayor of Mecca, Sheikh Abdullah Eraif, who when he was a journalist had criticized the methods of Mecca municipality.
Memory tip: Munic is a city so remember that it is the government of that city. you can also find municipal on a lot of government buildings.
Image:external image quebec-government-building_6238.jpg(government building)
Ellyn Polley

Unassailable, adj.
Listen to the pronunciation of unassailable
Listen to the pronunciation of unassailable

Definition: not assailable : not liable to doubt, attack, or question
Dictionary sentence: Shakespeare's genius gives his works an unassailable position in world literature.
Sentence from the book: As I spoke, I felt the subjective and defensive reactions of the American white students present - but gradually their hostilities lessened as I continued to present the unassailable facts.
Memory tip: It kind of looks like assist, so its "unassistable"
Image:external image istockphoto_2607746-unassailable.jpg
Ellyn Polley

ram·pant
Listen to the pronunciation of rampant
Listen to the pronunciation of rampant

(r m p nt)
adj.
1. Extending unchecked; unrestrained: a rampant growth of weeds in the neglected yard.
2. Occurring without restraint and frequently, widely, or menacingly; rife: a rampant epidemic; rampant corruption in city government.
3. a. Rearing on the hind legs.
b. Heraldry Rearing on the left hind leg with the forelegs elevated, the right above the left, and usually with the head in profile.
4. Architecture Springing from a support or an abutment that is higher at one side than at the other: a rampant arch.
Sentence from the book: Yes, I have been convinced that some American whites do want to help cure the rampant racism which is on the path to destroying this country!
Original sentence: the flu is running rampant through the students at school.
Dictionary sentence: Vandalism is rampant in the town.
Memory tip: Rampant is often used in the news to describe some out break.
external image 9680-lion-rampant.jpg
Ellyn Polley





Conviction

Pronunciation:
http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?convic04.wav=conviction

conviction.JPG

Definition:
1: the act or process of convicting of a crime especially in a court of law2 a: the act of convincing a person of error or of compelling the admission of a truth b: the state of being convinced of error or compelled to admit the truth3 a: a strong persuasion or belief b: the state of being convinced

Published sentence: “A British man who spent 27 years in prison walked free Wednesday after his murder conviction was overturned because of new DNA evidence in a case that may help others who have been wrongly convicted.” – From http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2009/03/18/europe/EU-Britain-Conviction-Overturned.php

Sentence from book: (p. 352) “It was in the Holy Land, and later in Africa, that I formed a conviction which I have had ever since…”

Memory tip: Convict can refer to a prisoner, so just remember conviction is the act of becoming a prisoner.

Dignitaries

Pronunciation:
http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?dignit01.wav=dignitary

dignitaries.jpg

Definition: one who possesses exalted rank or holds a position of dignity or honor

Published sentence: “Multi-award winning playwright lauded by dignitaries of theatrical and political spheres.” - From http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/2008/dec/26/harold-pinter-death-tributes

Sentence from book: (p. 361) “I was honored at the Ghana Club, by more press representatives and dignitaries.”

Memory tip: Dignified or dignity means honor or respected and that is close to the meaning of dignitaries.

Stigma

Pronunciation:
http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?stigma01.wav=stigma

stigma.JPG

Definition:
1 aarchaic : a scar left by a hot iron : brand b: a mark of shame or discredit : stain <bore the stigma of cowardice> c: an identifying mark or characteristic ; specifically : a specific diagnostic sign of a disease2 astigmata plural : bodily marks or pains resembling the wounds of the crucified Jesus and sometimes accompanying religious ecstasy b: petechia3 a: a small spot, scar, or opening on a plant or animal b: the usually apical part of the pistil of a flower which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate — see flower illustration

Published sentence: “AIDS-related stigma refers to the prejudice and discrimination directed at people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), and the groups and communities that they are associated with.” – From http://www.kanglaonline.com/index.php?template=headline&newsid=2070&typeid=0

Sentence from book: (p. 370) “The white man can’t separate himself from the stigma that he automatically feels about anyone, no matter who, who is not his color.”

Memory tip: Astigmatism is where the eye can’t focus on something, so think of stigma being that it only “focuses” on prejudice and discrimination.

- Ji-Eun Park







CH. NINETEEN

Indigenous, adj.
Definition:
innate; inherent; natural (usually fol. by to): feelings indigenous to human beings.
Dictionary Sentence: Joy and hope are emotions indigenous to the human mind.
Published Sentence: The Africans are returning to Islam and other indigenous religions
Sound Bite: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/indigenous
external image moz-screenshot.jpg
http://www.freespirit.com/files/IMAGE/COVER/LARGE/P92.jpg
http://www.freespirit.com/files/IMAGE/COVER/LARGE/P92.jpg

Theologians,n.
Definitions:
the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; study of divine things or religious truth; divinity. 
external image speaker.gif

Dictionary Sentence: Theology is ordered knowledge; representing in the region of the intellect what religion represents in the heart and life of man.
Published Sentence: Are you aware that some Protestant theologians, in their writings, are using the phrase "post-Christian era"-and they mean now?
Sound Byte: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/theology
http://www.apuritansmind.com/images/APMPuritans/Historical%20Theology.jpg
http://www.apuritansmind.com/images/APMPuritans/Historical%20Theology.jpg

Blasphemy, n.

Definition:
impious utterance or action concerning God or sacred things
Dictionary Sentence: He uttered blasphemies against life itself.
Published Sentence: The Christian church sowed racism-blasphemously; now it reaps racism.
Sound Byte: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/blasphemy
http://exchristian.net/exchristian/SMALL___Blasphemy___Shelly.jpg
http://exchristian.net/exchristian/SMALL___Blasphemy___Shelly.jpg

By: Blake Walker


(Katie Klotzbach, below)
Solidarity, n.

Definition:
1. A union of interests, purposed, or sympathies among members of a group; fellowship of responsibilities and interests.”

Dictionary Sentence: “A downtrodden class…will never be able to make an effective protest until it achieves solidarity.” (H.G. Wells)

Published Sentence: “Well, in the competitive American society, how can there ever be any white-black solidarity before there is first some black solidarity?”

Sound Byte: I could not for the life of me find “solidarity” as a sound byte. So here are the pronunciations of “solid” and “rarity” which make up the pronunciation of the word “solidarity”




Picture:blue_window_well_and_wall.jpg

Memory Trick: Something that is a solid color is all the same color, which unifies it.

Bastion, n.

Definition:
1. Projecting part of a fortification
2. A well-fortified position.
3. One that is considered similar to a defensive stronghold.

Dictionary Sentence: “You are a bastion of strength.”

Published Sentence: “With the East—Asia—closed to Christianity, with Africa rapidly being converted to Islam, with Europe rapidly becoming un-Christian, generally today it is accepted that the “Christian” civilization of America—which is propping up the white race around the world—is Christianity’s remaining strongest bastion.”

Sound Byte:



Picture:black_and_white_couple_taking_a_break_at_falls.jpg

Memory Trick: When you have an injury, you might lean on your friend to keep your balance. In the same way, when you are scared or lonely, you might lean on your friend emotionally for support. They would be a ­ bastion for you.
Malignant, adj.

Definition:
1. Showing great malevolence; disposed to do evil.
2. Highly injurious; pernicious.
3. Threatening to life; virulent: a malignant disease
4. Tending to metastasize; cancerous. Used of a tumor.

Dictionary Sentence: “The malignant growth of the suburbs is destroying the landscape.”

Published Sentence: “And if I can die having brought any light, having exposed any meaningful truth that will help to destroy the racist cancer that is malignant in the body of America—then, all of the credit is due to Allah.”

Sound Byte: external image empty.png soundbytemalignant.ogg

Picture:
scary_wrinkled_hand_on_black.jpg
scary_wrinkled_hand_on_black.jpg
Memory Trick: “Mal” means bad. (Think Malice, Malefactor, Malfeasance. Or, from Sleeping Beauty, Malificent.)

EPILOGUE


Render

1 a: to melt down <render suet> ; also : to extract by melting <render lard> b: to treat so as to convert into industrial fats and oils or fertilizer2 a: to transmit to another : deliverb: give up , yieldc: to furnish for consideration, approval, or information: as(1): to hand down (a legal judgment)(2): to agree on and report (a verdict) 3 a: to give in return or retributionb (1): give back , restore(2): reflect , echoc: to give in acknowledgment of dependence or obligation : payd: to do (a service) for another4 a (1): to cause to be or become : make <enough rainfall…to render irrigation unnecessary — P. E. James> <rendered him helpless>(2): impartb (1): to reproduce or represent by artistic or verbal means : depict(2): to give a performance of(3): to produce a copy or version of <the documents are rendered in the original French>(4): to execute the motions of <render a salute>c: translate5: to direct the execution of : administer <render justice>6: to apply a coat of plaster or cement directly to

Malcolm Sentence - "Malcolm was rendered speechless to hear the knowledge of this"
Published Sentence- The man in the accident was rendered assistance.
Memory Tip- Think of the video rendering signs on the computers in the library. This means this video from the camera is becoming a movie that can be viewed.
Audio - http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?render01.wav=render
external image 13_12_5---Construction-Site--Boston--MA--USA_web.jpg

Covert

1. Not openly practiced, avowed, engaged in, accumulated, or shown: covert military operations; covert funding for the rebels.2. Covered or covered over; sheltered.3. Law Being married and therefore protected by one's husband.
Malcolm Sentence- "He would talk in a covert, guarded manner."
Published Sentence- The Bay of Pigs was a covert operation by the CIA
Memory Tip- Think of covert and think that something is being covered by something and it therefore would be undercover.
Audio- http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?covert02.wav=covert

external image CovertShopperLogoSquaregif.GIF
Polemic
1. A controversial argument, especially one refuting or attacking a specific opinion or doctrine.2. A person engaged in or inclined to controversy, argument, or refutation.Malcolm Sentce- I was heart sick that he may want to turn the book into a polemic against Eliah Muhammed.
Published Sentence-The issue of the death penalty is highly controversial and therefore would be a polemic.
Memory Tip- The word has the word pole in it. So think that people may have two polar opposite views and therefore would be controversial and polemical.
Audio- http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?polemi01.wav=polemic

external image An%20Inconvenient%20Truth%20for%20Kidz-thumb.JPG

Clean List:

Ablution - a cleansing with water or other liquid, esp. as a religious ritual – chapter twelve
Aegis - protection; support – chapter fourteen
anthropological- the study of human beings' similarity to and divergence from other animals – chapter two
Bastion - Projecting part of a fortification – chapter nineteen
Bazaar - a market (as in the Middle East) consisting of rows of shops or stalls selling miscellaneous goods – chapter five
Benzedrine - a form of amphetamine – chapter eight
Blasphemy - impious utterance or action concerning God or sacred things – chapter nineteen
Borough - one of the five administrative divisions of New York City – chapter thirteen
bourgeoisie- comes from the middle or merchant classes – chapter two
Circumambulated - to circle on foot especially ritualistically – chapter seventeen
commiserate - to feel or express sorrow of sympathy for; empathize with; pity – chapter sixteen
Connoisseur- A person who is especially competent to pass critical judgments in an art, particularly one of the fine arts, or in matters of taste – chapter four
Convalescing - To recover health and strength gradually after sickness or weakness – chapter fourteen
Conviction - the act or process of convicting of a crime especially in a court of law – chapter eighteen
Cronies-a close friend or companion – chapter one
Covert - Not openly practiced, avowed, engaged in, accumulated, or shown – epilogue//
Depraved- marked by corruption or evil – chapter five
Dignitaries - one who possesses exalted rank or holds a position of honor – chapter eighteen
Disembarkation - To go ashore from a ship – chapter seventeen
Disseminate- to scatter or spread widely, as though sowing seed; promulgate extensively; broadcast; disperse– chapter one
Dissent- to differ in sentiment or opinion, esp. from the majority; withhold assent; disagree– chapter one
Drawl - a slow speech pattern with prolonged vowels – chapter six
Dungarees - work clothes or overalls of blue denim – chapter ten
Exhort- to urge, advise, or caution earnestly; admonish urgently. – chapter one
Feigned- pretended; sham; counterfeit: feigned enthusiasm – chapter two
Furor - a general outburst of enthusiasm, excitement, or controversy – chapter sixteen
Galvanized - to subject to the action of an electric current especially for the purpose of stimulating physiologically – chapter twelve
Gauge - to measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to estimate; to judge of – chapter four
Goad - to prick or drive with, or as if with, a goad; prod; incite; also, a stick or something to prod with – chapter sixteen
Good Massa - a lifting up, gift, happy, content in their self-image – chapter fourteen
Gunja - a slang word for weed or marijuana – chapter six
hoodwinked - To take in by deceptive means; deceive – chapter eight
impasse- a position or situation from which there is no escape; deadlock – chapter eight
Indigenous - innate; inherent; natural – chapter nineteen
inoculation - the introduction of a vaccine into a living organism to insure immunity to a disease or the communication of principles into the mind – chapter eleven
Incense-to inflame with wrath– chapter one
Ingratiate - to gain favor or favorable acceptance for by deliberate effort – chapter five
Intricate - having many interrelated parts or facets – chapter seventeen
Izar- a long, usually white cotton dress that covers the body completely, worn by women of North Africa and the Middle East – chapter seventeen
Jimmy (tool)- A short crowbar – chapter nine
Lindy - A n energetic and lively jitterbug dance – chapter four
Longshoreman - A dock worker who loads and unloads ships – chapter six
Loot - a collection of valued objects – chapter seven
Lye-A chemical straightening treatment commonly used to relax hair and make soap– chapter three
Malicious - full of, or showing, malice or spite – chapter ten
Malignant - Highly injurious – chapter nineteen
Mimeograph - a duplicator for making many copies that utilizes a stencil through which ink is pressed – chapter ten
Misapprehension-misunderstanding– chapter three
Monocled - wearing, or having the face adorned with, eyeglasses or an eyeglass – chapter fifteen
Municipality - A political unit, such as a city, town, or village, incorporated for local self-government – chapter eighteen
Paralytic - affected with, characterized by, or causing paralysis – chapter ten
Parasitical - a person who exploits the hospitality of the rich and earns welcome by flattery – chapter five
Peddler - A person who tries to promote a cause or a person who sells from door to door or in the street – chapter six
Peddling - to carry (small articles, goods, wares, etc.) from place to place for sale at retail – chapter seven
Penologist - The study, theory, and practice of prison management and criminal rehabilitation – chapter fourteen
Pervading - to become spread throughout all parts – chapter fifteen
Pilgrimage - a journey, esp. a long one, made to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion – chapter seventeen
Polemic - A controversial argument, especially one refuting or attacking a specific opinion or doctrine – epilogue
Preponderance - superiority in weight, numbers, power, etc. – chapter thirteen
Prestige - standing or estimation in the eyes of people – chapter nine
Privy - something private or secret – chapter thirteen
Rampant - Occurring without restraint and frequently, widely, or menacingly – chapter eighteen
Rehabilitation - The restoration of somone into a useful place in society or vindication of a person's character and the re-establishment of that person' reputation – chapter eleven
Render - to transmit to another – epilogue
Ruse - a trick, stratagem, or artifice – chapter fifteen
Solidarity - A union of interests, purposed, or sympathies among members of a group – chapter nineteen
Speakeasies - a saloon or nightclub selling alcoholic beverages illegally during prohibition – chapter six
Squiring-escorting, or attending to the needs of another – chapter three
Stigma - a mark of shame or discredit – chapter eighteen
Stumblebums - a clumsy or inept person – chapter five
Sufficiency - an adequate amount or quantity – chapter eleven
Supremacy - authority or power to dominate or defeat – chapter fourteen
Susceptible - capable of submitting to an action, process, or operation – chapter ten
Talcum Powder- An astringent powder used for preventing rashes made of talc – chapter nine
Theology - the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; study of divine things or religious truth – chapter nineteen
Thrice - three times —often used in combination – chapter twelve
Tutelage- the act of guarding, protecting, or guiding – chapter ten
Unassailable - not liable to doubt, attack, or question – chapter eighteen
Vainglorious - the feeling of excessive pride in one's achievements and abilities; showing boastful vanity – chapter fourteen
Valise - a small piece of luggage that can be carried by hand, used to hold clothing, toilet articles, etc.; suitcase; traveling bag – chapter seven
Versatile - capable of or adpated for turning easily from one to another of various tasks, fields of endeavour – chapter seventeen
Vinegary - having a sour disposition; ill-tempered – chapter six