Hey Everybody - I reorganized the vocab to make it easier to study. Hopefully this document attaching trial works. - Catherine


Team WordAssignments

  1. The following words are drawn from our anchor reading by Nabokov: "Good Readers, Good Writers" (available in our BlackBoard course shell).

Defining them will be your first collaborative assignment.

One person from each class will be assigned a single term. By the due date, each entry must contain the following seven parts: Word, Pronunciation (sound link), Full Definition(s) + published sample sentence(s), an original sentence with clear context clue, image, and memory tip.

A-F


1. Alliteration - noun

Pronunciation:
ə-ˌli-tə-ˈrā-shən or
uh-lit-uh-rey-shuhn

Click here to hear the pronunciation

2.


Full definition:
The repetition of initial sounds, usually consonants, in two or more neighboring words or syllables immediately succeeding each other, or at short intervals.
Published sentence: "Churchill describes himself as one "who often, but without success, had prayed for apt alliteration's artful aid," an example which is itself a proof of his failure, for alliteration is never effective unless it runs upon consonants." - Encyclopedia Britannica
Original sentence: The general used the alliteration "brief bloody battle" to rally up his troops.
Image:

peter_piper.jpg
Peter Piper

Memory tip: an alliteration includes the repetition of consonants in a sentence and in the word alliteration, there are multiple L's T's I's and A's.

Cassie, Ryanne, Ji-Eun


3. Allusion

**Pronunciation**:
[uh-loo-zhuh n]
1) A passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implications.
2) A figure of speech making casual reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event
3) An author's reference to another literary work, a cultural event, or an experience in the author's life
4) The act of alluding
5) Obsolete. a metaphor; parable.
Published Sentence: Most allusions are based on the assumption that there is a body of knowledge that is shared by the author and the reader and that therefore the reader will understand the author’s referent. -Britannica Online
Original Sentence: I
n many current articles or novels, writers often use allusions to refer to Shakespeare.
Image:
external image RT-59-8-Zambo-f2.gif
Memory Tip: A novel that has an allusion in it will lead to a more knowledgeable conclusion. An allusion is something that both the reader and writer should all have knowledge of and all be in on.
Courtney Allen, Carly Schumacher, Alex Scharf

4. Analogy- n.

Pronunciation: ə-na-lə-jē http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/analogy
Definition:
a. correspondence between the members of pairs or sets of linguistic forms that serves as a basis for the creation of another form
b. similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilarOrigin:late Middle English
(‘appropriateness, correspondence’); from French
analogie
, Latin
analogia
‘proportion', from Greek, from
analogosImage:
iceberg.jpg
Memory tip: Analogies help create compatablities (in otherwise uncompatable objects)
Ashlee Sang and Emily Allen
5. Aphorism
Pronunciation: external image audio.gifaf-uh-riz-uhm or
ˈ
a-fə-
ˌ
ri-zəm
Definition(s): 1. a concise statement of a principle; 2. a short wise saying; 3. a terse formulation of a truth or sentiment (adage)
Published Sample Sentence: "The only way to read a book of aphorisms without being bored is to open it at random and, having found something that interests you, close the book and meditate." - Prince Charles-Josef de Ligne (Austrian field marshal and writer)
Original Sentences: 1.Complex issues do not lend themselves to being described in aphorisms. 2. My mother recited Mark Twain's aphorism "A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty" to me when I complained to her about the difficult science project I had been assigned.
Image:
aphorism.jpg
Memory Tip: a"phor" "ism" is "for" w"isdom"

Amanda Lawler, Maggie Irvin, Paige Knippenberg


6. Bourgeoisie SULLEN_AUDIO.gif(boor-zhwah-zee)
Definition: the middle class; (in Marxist theory) the class that, in contrast to the proletariat or wage-earning class, is primarily concerned with property values
Published sentence: The bourgeoisie might blast and ruin its own world before it leaves the stage of history. - Buenaventura Durruti
Original sentence: Members of the bourgeoisie of 16th century France were always looking for ways to improve their middle class status.
Image: external image bourgeoisie.gif
Memory Trick: The "boring" bourgeoisie lived "fancily".

Anna Vaughn, Liz Risius

7. Buxom
Definition: Having the characteristics of health, vigor, and comeliness combined with a gay, lively manner; stout and rosy; jolly; frolicsome
Pronunciation:
[buhk-suhexternal image thinsp.pngm]

Published sentence: A daughter fair, So buxom, blithe, and debonair.--Milton
Original Sentence: The buxom girl happily frolicked across the field.
Memory Trick: A buxom person has SOME vigor like a young BUCK.
Image:
external image
external image


Emily Donnan, Elizabeth Ray

8. Ephemeral - n. & adj. Pronunciation: i-fem-rəl
external image audio_icon_red.pngDefinitions:
Adjective: 1. Lasting one day only 2. Lasting a very short time
Noun 1. Anything short-livedSentences:
Original: The ephemeral life of the housefly lasts mere hours after it has hatched.

Published: Laid out in a dazzling geometric design of diagonal oak slats, the floor produced an almost ephemeral optical illusion-a three-dimensional network that gave visitors the sense they were floating through the gallery on a surface that changed with every step. Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code

Memory Tip: Think of a woman wearing a green hat for one day of the year, St. Patrick’s Day. (female + emerald
= ephemeral)

Image:
ephemeral_image_2.JPGRob Hanson and Ikechi Nnamani


9. Explicit
Pronunciation: [ik-splis-it] http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/explicit
Definition:
a. adjective; fully and clearly expressed or formulated
b. adjective; described in a realistic manner
c. adjective; inappropriate
Published Sentence:In fact, it is one of the principal, if less explicit, purposes of the Autobiography to combat the kind of moralism that had been characteristic of earlier traditions, particularly those of Puritan America.
~Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography and the Education of America by Steven Forde
Original Sentence: The pilot received explicit instructions on the flight path over the mountains.
Image:R_RATED.jpg
Memory Trick: If you give _exp_licit instructions, then you won't need to _exp_lain what you mean later
Katie Klotzbach, Jessie Swiech, Ila Sruti

10. Flaubert
flaubert.jpg
Gustave Flaubert


Pronunciation:
(flō-bâr')
Definition: French writer considered a forerunner of naturalism and known for his precise literary style. His works include the novel Madame Bovary (1857) and the short story "A Simple Heart" (1877).

Published Sample Sentence: "Flaubert despised realism and said so over and over throughout his life; he loved only the absolute purity of art."- Jean-Paul Satre in "Bloom on Gustave Flaubert"

Original Sample Sentence: I’d compare his writing to Flaubert’s because it is very stylistic and meticulously created.

Memory Trick: Famous Frenchmen Flaubert flowed with words.

G-M

11. Glean {Gleen}
Definition:
Verb. 1.
to gather slowly and laboriously, bit by bit.
Published Sample Sentence: You could glean some useful information if you listened more carefully.
Our Sample Sentence: The beggars gleaned money from the people passing by.

external image Millet_Gleaners.jpg
Memory Trick: You feel glee when you glean.
Melissa Seeborg and Munan Singhal

12. IMPLICIT
Listen to the pronunciation of implicit
Listen to the pronunciation of implicit

im-pli-sət
Definition:
1.) implied; rather than expressly stated
2.)
capable of being understood from something else though unexpressed

3.) having no doubts or reservations
4.)
involved in the nature or essence of something though not revealed, expressed, or developed

Published sentence: "But Mr. Keyes's implicit accusation that I was not a true Christian nagged at me, and I was also aware that my answer did not adequately address the role my faith has in guiding my own values and my own beliefs." - Barrack Obama "Call to Renewal" Keynote Address
Original Sentence: Although he said not to worry, the implicit message was that there was bad news.
Photo:
Waitress.JPG
(When a server hands you a check, the implicit message is for you to leave.)
Memory Trick: Implicit sounds like imply.

Ryan Woodall & Kasey Le

N-S
13. Objective- noun
Pronunciation: [uh b-jek-tiv Sound Clip: external image audio.gif
Definition:
something toward which effort is directed : an aim, goal, or end of action
Published Sentence:
“I was once asked if a big business man ever reached his objective. I replied that if a man ever reached his objective he was not a big business man."-Charles M. Schwab
Original Sentence: The army's goal and objective was to find Saddam Hussein.
Memory Trick: contains the word object(an object is something to work towards)

Image:
objective.JPG
-Hana Ayele-Delayne Durdle-Jennifer Janssen

14. Propagandist-Noun
[prop-uh-gan-dist]
Listen to the pronunciation of propagandist
Listen to the pronunciation of propagandist

Definition: ( A person who disseminates messages calculated to assist some cause or some government.http://dictionary.die.net/propagandist)
Published sentence: The
propagandist
's purpose is to make one set of people forget that certain other sets of people are human. - Huxley, Aldous Leonard
Memory Trick: In biology, "ist" means a person, and propagandist sounds similar to propaganda which is the material dissemated by the advocates or opponents of a doctrine or cause.
Original Sentence: Hilary Clinton acted as a propagandist when she gave her support to the Obama campaign.
Image: propagandist.jpg
Ellyn Polley

15. Propagation- Noun.
[prop-uh-gey-shuhexternal image thinsp.pngn]
1.Multiplication or increase, as by natural reproduction.
2.The process of spreading to a larger area or greater number; dissemination.
3. Physics: The act or process of propagating, especially the process by which a disturbance, such as the motion of electromagnetic or sound waves, is transmitted through a medium such as air or water (Dictionary.com)

Published Sentence: "
An error does not become truth by reason of multiplied propagation, nor does truth become error because nobody sees it."

-Mohandas Gahndi
Memory Trick: Propagation sounds like the combination of the words; propaganda and nation > propagation
Image:
DSCF0224 by P_Kaminski.
DSCF0224 by P_Kaminski.

Kieran Pereira, Brittany Evans, Maria Helgeson

16. Provincial - adjective/noun
Pronounciation:
[pruh-vin-shuhexternal image thinsp.pngl] Audio Help

Definition:
1. belonging or peculiar to some particular province; local (adj.)
2. having or showing the manners, viewpoints, etc., considered characteristic of unsophisticated inhabitants of a province; rustic; narrow or illiberal; parochial (adj.)
3. noting or pertaining to the styles of architecture, furniture, etc., found in the provinces, esp. when imitating styles currently or formerly in fashion in or around the capital (adj.)
4. a person who lacks urban sophistication or broad-mindedness (noun)
Published Sentence: "Well-educated professional women ... made me feel uncomfortably provincial" (J.R. Salamanca)
Original Sentence: Teachers rarely look for provincial students in the search to pass their knowlegde on to the next generation.
Image: external image Provincial%20Town%20Italy.jpg
Memory trick: The word province is in provincial. Think of a rural, unsophisticated province which is similar to the actual definition of provincial.
Taylor Bruns
Bridget Lam

17. Subjective (Adjective)
Pronunciation: (suhb-jek-tiv)
Listen to the pronunciation of 1subjective
Listen to the pronunciation of 1subjective


Definition: placing excessive emphasis on one's own moods, attitudes, opinions, etc.; unduly egocentric.

Published Example Sentence: "It (the movie) creates characters we come to care about. That’s because of the performances, because of the direction, because of the writing, and because of the superlative technical quality of the entire production." - Roger Ebert

Original Sentence: Your opinion on the matter lacks credibility due to the fact that it is subjective opinion, lacking any real facts to back it up.
subjective.JPG
Memory Trick: Subjective has the word "subject" in it, so just try and remember that you have opinions that make you think a certain way about a subject, and therefore your are viewing that subject in a subjective manner.

Chris Hoerdemann, Luke Harbers, Melanie Matlock

18. Sullen- adjective
Pronunciation:[suhl-uhn]SULLEN_AUDIO.gif
Definition: Showing irritation or ill humor by a gloomy silence or reserve.

Published Sentence: To be wrathful and sullen is a sin in the christian religion. -Dr. Gerald's World Literature
Original Sentence: The sullen girl lowered her frowning face as her big brother teased her in front of her friends.
Image:

SULLEN_pic.jpg

Memory Tip:Sullen starts with an 'S' and so does its close synonym, 'S'omber.
Kathleen Knight

T-Z
19. Thesis - Noun
Pronunciation:[ˈthē-səs]
Definition: a position or proposition that a person (as a candidate for scholastic honors) advances and offers to maintain by argument (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/thesis)
Published Sentence: "He is writing a thesis on the works of John Milton."
Original Senctence: The thesis of the paper on John Adams was that he was not truly responsible for the results of the Alien and Sedition Acts, it was just the result of a Federalist controlled congress.
Image:external image thesis-paper.jpg
Memory Tip: The thorough thesis threw the thoughts of the thirty thousand men.

Nat Murphy, Lillie Cicerchia

20. Tone - Noun
Pronunciation:[ˈtōn]
Definition: The attitude that a writer takes towards a subject or character. It may be characterized as serious, humorous, sarcastic, satirical, solemn, objective, etc.
Published Sentence: "We are not won by arguments that we can analyze, but by tone and temper; by the manner, which is the man himself." - Louis D. Brandeis
Original Sentence: The tone of the speaker at the funeral was very solemn.
Image:
Tone.GIF
Memory Tip: When you use a phone, you always have a tone.

Andre Aung, Christine Do, & Blake Walker

21. Trifle
Pronunciation: Tri-fle http://www.cooldictionary.com/say.mpl?phrase=trifle%0D%0A&voice=male&q=aa.wav
Definition:
Noun- an article or thing of very little value.
Verb- to pass or spend (time) idly or frivolously or to deal lightly or without due seriousness or respect
Published Sentence:
Beware how you trifle with your marvelous inheritance, this great land of ordered liberty, for if we stumble and fall, freedoand civilization everywhere will go down in ruin. ...Henry Cabot Lodge



Image:42-17861281.jpg
Memory Tip: "Oh how time trifles by doing nothing!"
Kari Fowler and Anna DeGraaf


Etymology: ad- + Latin littera letter