Post Directions:
The following words are drawn from an excerpt of Sir Francis Bacon's essay: "Of Studies"
Each entry contains the following seven parts: Word, pronunciation (sound link or phonetic spelling), full definition(s) + samples, sentence from passage, image and memory tip.
Word:
Sloth
Pronunciation:
s-LAW-Thh
All definitions:
1. Disinclination to action or labor: <deadly sin of sloth>
2. a slow-moving mammal that uses its long claws to hang upside down from tree branches. Native to: Central, South America. Genera: Bradypus, Choloepus
Sentence from Passage:

“To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar.”

Image:
sloth.png
SnuggleSloth128393953901562500.jpg
Memory Tip
People who practice sloth are moving slow. SLOth and SLOw. Get it?


Confute [kuh n-fyoot]

1. to prove to be false, invalid, or defective; disprove: to confute an argument.
2. toprove (a person) to be wrong by argument or proof: to confute one'sopponent.
3. Obsolete . to bringtonaught;confound.

confute.jpg

From "Of Studies":
Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider.

Memory tip: -fute is in refute
-Mitch Styczynski

Word: Meaner
Pronunciation: meen-`er
Parts of Speech: Adjective

Definitions:
1. Marked by poverty befitting a beggar
2. Having, showing, or requiring special skill
3. Characterized by malice
4. Having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality

Sentence from passage:
”…but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books..”
Image:
external image Homeless_man_begging_for_money_1821165.jpg
Memory Tip: Generally things that are mean are crude; crude things are usually of poor quality just like the books described in “Of Studies”.
Beggars who do not get any change are meaner than ones that do get change.
-Michael Guo

Affectation
afekˈtāSHən
Noun
  1. the act of taking on or displaying an attitude or mode of behavior not natural to oneself or not genuinely felt

  1. speech or conduct not natural to oneself : artificiality

  1. a striving after

“To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar.”
affectation.png
When someone is hospitalized with a serious medical affliction, their condition is no affectation.
-Evan Allen