The following words are drawn from passage three of the diagnostic AP Exam we experienced the first week of class.
Each entry contains the following seven parts: Word, pronunciation (sound link or phonetic spelling), full definition(s) + samples, sentence from passage, image and memory tip.
ANTHROPOLOGY - the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind.
BIOGRAPHICAL - of or pertaining to a person's life
BRASH - impertinent; hasty; tactless
CHEMISE - A woman's loose, shirtlike undergarment.
EXALTED - raised or elevated, as in rank or character; of high station; exaggerated or inflated
HEADFOREMOST - with the head leading; headlong
KAISER BABY - An incredibly ugly newborn human. Named for the porcelain baby doll created in the likeness of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, to commemorate his birth.
MAVERICK - A lone dissenter, as an intellectual, an artist, or a politician, who takes an independent stand apart from his or her associates.
METHODOLOGY - a set or system of methods, principles, and rules for regulating a given discipline, as in the arts or sciences.
PREDOMINATE -
1. To have or gain controlling power or influence; prevail.
2. To be of or have greater quantity or importance; preponderate.
RELUCTANT -
1. unwilling; disinclined
2.struggling in opposition
REMINISCENCE -
1. The act or process of recollecting past experiences or events.
2. An experience or event recollected.
RHAPSODY -
1. exalted or excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling in speech or writing.
2. a literary work written in an impassioned or exalted style.
3. a state of elated bliss; .
SKEPTICISM - doubt about the truth of something, or the disbelief in any claims of ultimate knowledge

Table of Contents

A-F

ANTHROPOLOGY
definition: the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind.
pronunciation: an-thruh-pol'-uh-jee Hear it pronounced.
sample sentence: Among the facets of human culture explored in anthropology are folklore and mythology.
original sentence: She was interested in natural and social sciences, so she decided to study anthropology
image:
Franz Boas, pioneer of modern anthropology
Franz Boas, pioneer of modern anthropology

memory tip: Anthropology is the study of humanity, but you could think of it as the study of man..."man-thropology."
-Hannah Lebovitz
BIOGRAPHICAL
definition: of or pertaining to a person's life
pronunciation: external image pron.jpg
original sentence: He's gathering biographical data for his book on Milton.
sample sentence: She was looking for biographical information, when she was researching a famous person.
image:external image 10136617.jpg
memory tip: bio means life and graph means write, so it probably has to do with someones life.
-Fatima Kazmi
BRASH
definition: impertinent; hasty; tactless
pronunciation: brash external image audio.gif
sample sentence: He was a brash young man.
original sentence: It was a brash show of affection.
image: tactless_person1.jpg
memory tip: Well, brash rhymes with "slash" and someone who makes harsh,
tactless remarks can slash you with their words. Or, just think of someone who is tactless and pretend their name is Brash.
Jenna Floyd
CHEMISE
definition: A woman's loose, shirtlike undergarment.
pronunciation: external image pron.jpg
original sentence: The woman worea chemise under her clothes.
sample sentence: The women's dress was see through, so she decided to where a chemise.
image: external image Long_Chemise_With_Lace.jpg
memory tip: Chemise in french means shirt. By keeping this in mind you can remember what chemise means in english.
-Fatima Kazmi
EXALTED
-definition: raised or elevated, as in rank or character; of high station; exaggerated or inflated
-pronounciation:
ex·alt·ed
external image pron.jpg
-sample sentence: He has an exalted sense of his importance to the project.
-original sentence: Because I did well on my job, I was exalted to a better position.
-image:
external image mountainclimber.jpg
-memory tip: Think of the "alt" in exalted as "altitude." Altitude implies height or elevation. Just like exalted!
-XiXi Tian

G-M

HEADFOREMOST
definition: with the head leading; headlong
pronunciation:external image pron.jpg
sample sentence:We went headforemost down the stairs.
original sentence:I dove, headforemost, into the pool
image:can't get it to upload
memory tip:Just break up the word. Head (obviously your own head) Fore (short for "before") and Most. So your head goes "before" "most of your body" and into something.
-Kathleen Johnson

KAISER BABY
definition:
An incredibly ugly newborn human. Named for the porcelain baby doll created in the likeness of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, to commemorate his birth.

MAVERICK
Definition: A lone dissenter, as an intellectual, an artist, or a politician, who takes an independent stand apart from his or her associates.
Pronuciation: mav·er·ick external image speaker.gif
Sample: The polititian was a maverick.
Original: Didn't you know that I am a maverick?
Picture: external image einstein.jpg
Memory tip: When we hear this word, we think about the movie top gun... in that movie Maverick was named that because he was a rebel.
~Alex Thoennes

METHODOLOGY
definition:a set or system of methods, principles, and rules for regulating a given discipline, as in the arts or sciences.
pronounciation:meth·od·ol·o·gy
sample sentence: The scientific method is a methodology that most people know of.
image:external image photo_sungraph.gif
memory tip: A methodology is a method, in with their are certain steps.
Dan Grieco

N-S

PREDOMINATE
definition
1. To have or gain controlling power or influence; prevail.
2. To be of or have greater quantity or importance; preponderate.
pronunciation
http://www.yourdictionary.com/ahd/pron/P0517500.wav
sample sentence
Good predominates over evil in many literary works.
French-speaking people predominate in Quebec.
original sentence
When it comes to deciding a bedtime, mothers predomiate over children.
memory tip
Predominate has the word te in it. The meanings of these two words are similar.
image
http://thegreenhead.com/imgs/darth-vader-gloves-3.jpg
-Taiyo Wilson

RELUCTANT
definition
1. unwilling; disinclined
2.struggling in opposition
pronunciation
external image speaker.gif (rĭ-lŭk'tənt)
sample sentence
They were usually reluctant to socialize.
Foreigners are reluctant to accept our ways.
original sentence
My parents are reluctant to let me go out at night until I tell them what I will be doing.
memory tip
Reluctant sounds like it has the word "luck" in it. If you have bad luck, you're unwilling to do certain things.
image
http://www.ci.new-bedford.ma.us/PSAFETY/POLICE/girl.gif
-Abby Hoekstra

REMINISCENCE
definition
1. The act or process of recollecting past experiences or events.
2. An experience or event recollected: "Her mind seemed wholly taken up with reminiscences of past gaiety" (Charlotte Brontë).
3. A narration of past experiences. Often used in the plural.
4. An event that brings to mind a similar, former event.
pronunciation
http://www.yourdictionary.com/ahd/pron/R0145600.wav
sample sentence
Her mind seemed wholly taken up with reminiscences of past gaiety.
original sentence
Reminiscences of my childhood often leave me teary eyed.
memory tip
Reminiscence starts with "rem" like remember. Reminiscences are memories that you recall, or remember.
image
http://sci-con.org/uploads/2007/04/cov_memory.gif
-Taiyo Wilson

RHAPSODY
definition
1. exalted or excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling in speech or writing.
2. a literary work written in an impassioned or exalted style.
3. a state of elated bliss; .
4. Music A usually instrumental composition of irregular form that often incorporates improvisation.
5. An ancient Greek epic poem or portion of one suitable for uninterrupted recitation.
pronunciation
http://www.yourdictionary.com/ahd/pron/R0216100.wav
sample sentence
It is enough to say, without applying this poetical rhapsody to Aouda, that she was a charming woman, in all the European acceptation of the phrase.
original sentence
I could not hide my rhapsody as I danced around the room.
The improvised a beautiful rhapsody on her mandolin.
The epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey are two examples of ancient Greek rhapsodies.
memory tip
Rhapsody has "rap" in it, as in rap music. Rhapsodies are like rap music because they are, in some context, musical compositions. I suppose you could say that rap music puts some people in a state of elated bliss as well.
image__
http://www.sfu.ca/classics/myth/images/fagles.jpg
-Taiyo Wilson

SKEPTICISM
definition: doubt about the truth of something, or the disbelief in any claims of ultimate knowledge
pronunciation: external image pron.jpg
sample sentence: The elders' skepticism toward the church's doctrines left the congregation feeling disconcerted.
original sentence: The man's skepticism turned him into a cynic.
image: could not get it to upload
memory tip: skeptic sounds kind of like septic, which is a tank that holds sewage. People who are skeptical often believe that others are full of crap!
-Kathleen Johnson

T-Z