The following words are drawn from passage two of the diagnostic AP Exam we experienced the first week of class.
Each entry contains the following seven parts: Word, pronunciation (sound link or phonetic spelling), full definition(s) + samples, sentence from passage, image and memory tip.

Table of Contents

Adulation- to show excessive admiration or devotion to; flatter or admire servilely.
Benevolent- characterized by expressing goodwill or kindly feelings; desiring to help others; charitable; intended for benefits rather than for profits
Censors- One that condemns or censures; A person authorized to examine books, films, or other material and to remove or suppress what is considered morally, politically, or otherwise objectionable.
Coarse- composed of large parts of particles; lacking in fineness or delicacy of texture, structure, etc.; harsh, gratin
Despotism- the exercise of absolute authority
Dissenter- a person who disagrees with the methods or doctrines of an established policy
Eminence- high station, rank, or repute: philosophers of eminence.
Encomium- A formal expression of high praise; a tribute
Enmity- a condition of hostility; hatred; ill will; animosity; antagonism
Fetters- Chains or shackles placed around the feet
Headsmen- executioners
Indigent- lacking the necessities of life; impoverished.
Odious- deserving or causing hatred or dislike; hateful; detestable
Onerous- burdensome, oppressive. causing hardship
Recapitulate- to review by a brief summary, as at the end of a speech or discussion; summarize
Ribald- vulgar or indecent in speech, language, etc.; coarsely mocking, abusive, or irreverent; scurrilous
Solicit -to seek or request for something

A-F

ADULATION
- Definition: To show excessive admiration or devotion to; flatter or admire servilely.
- Pronunciation: [aj-uh-ley'-shun] Hear it pronounced.
- Sample Sentence: The dog always greeted its owner with adulation.
- Original Sentence: No writer, whatever be his eminence, can escape paying this tribute of adulation to his fellow citizens. (passage 2, line 44)
- Image:
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- Memory Tip: Adulation sounds like adoration. Convenient, right?
- Hannah Lebovitz

BENEVOLENT
- Definition: Characterized by expressing goodwill or kindly feelings; desiring to help others; charitable; intended for benefits rather than for profits.
- Pronunciation: [buh-nev-uh-luhnt] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: The professor proved a tough professor, but a benevolent grader.
- Original Sentence: The benevolent millionaire donated much of his savings to humane chairites. (passage 2, line 44)
- Image:external image 112006top.jpg
- Memory Tip: Benevolent is never violent.
- Weikang Sun

CENSORS
- Definition: One that condemns or censures; A person authorized to examine books, films, or other material and to remove or suppress what is considered morally, politically, or otherwise objectionable.
- Pronunciation: [sěn'sər] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: The agent in the unconscious that is responsible for censorship.
- Orginal Sentence: Question number 18.
- Image:external image seenoevil.jpg
- Memory Tip: Think about "sense" If you sense something you can question it's terms
- Anna Doran

COARSE
- Definition: Composed of large parts of particles; lacking in fineness or delicacy of texture, structure, etc.; harsh, grating.
- Pronunciation: [kawrs, kohrs] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: The stiff, coarse fabric irritated her skin.
- Original Sentence: Fetters and headsmen were the coarse instruments that tyranny formerly employed; but civilization of our age has perfected despotism itself, though it seemed to have nothing to learn. (passage 2, line 1)
- Image:external image tb_mui_ne_sand_dunes.jpg
- Memory Tip: Think of like sand, and sand paper, its grainy and rough.
- Madhuri Paravastu

DESPOTISM
- Definition: The exercise of absolute authority.
- Pronunciation: [des-puh-tiz-uhm] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: The country was ruled by a despot.
- Original Sentence: Fetters and headsmen were the coarse instruments that tyranny formerly employed; but civilization of our age has perfected despotism itself, though it seemed to have nothing to learn. (passage 2, line 3)
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- Image: hitler_fuhrer.jpg
- Memory Tip: Think of coffee as the controlling force that keeps you awake during the day. "The desPOT of coffee."
- Jenna Floyd

DISSENTER
- Definition: A person who disagrees with the methods or doctrines of an established policy
- Pronunciation: [dih-sen-ter] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: Although she was accused of being a dissenter, the woman wanted to ensure that the policies were fair and applicable to all.
- Original Sentence: Question number 26.
- Image:
Image Detail
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- Memory Tip: The root word of dissenter is dissent, which is a homonym with descent, meaning to go down. Often times dissenters go down slopes that aren't meant to be traversed, so think of it as a descent into unwant
- Kathleen Johnson

EMINENCE
- Definition: High station, rank, or repute: philosophers of eminence
- Pronunciation: [em-uh-nuhns] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: When speaking to the Pope you should address him as, your eminence.
- Original Sentence: No writer, whatever be his eminence, can escape paying this tribute of adulation to his fellow citizens. (passage 2, line 44)
- Image:
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- Memory Tip: Eminence rhymes with importance, and in order to be eminent you GOTTA be important.
- Scott Pyle

ENCOMIUM
- Definition: A formal expression of high praise; a tribute
- Pronunciation: [ěn-kō'mē-əm] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: The caterer received numerous encomiums for his chocolate cake.
- Original Sentence: The smallest reproach irritates its sensibility, and the slightest joke that has any foundation in truth renders it indignant; from the forms of its language up to the solid virtues of its character, everything must be made the subject of enconium. (passage 2, line 43)
- Image:external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSwNfGVBtN3zN9MkdYeNK_fRrdnXJMWC8vUmUWxZEumFLRV4TEnQfYQzvu0
- Memory Tip: I think remembering this scene in The Praise of Folly is enough to help one's memory.
- Rebekah Vaughan

ENMITY
- Definition: a condition of hostility; hatred; ill will; animosity; antagonism
- Pronunciation: [en-mi-tee] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: He could no longer contain his enmity.
- Original Sentence: Question number 31.
- Image:external image istockphoto_3219818_angry_man.jpg
- Memory Tip: "Enmity" sounds a lot like "enemy." When you have an enemy, you have enmity towards them. Just make sure you don't spell it wrong!
- XiXi Tian

FETTERS
- Definition: Chains or shackles placed around the feet
- Pronunciation: [fet-er] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: The fetters were so heavy that he could not walk
- Original Sentence: Fetters and headsmen were the coarse instruments that tyranny formerly employed; but civilization of our age has perfected despotism itself, though it seemed to have nothing to learn. (passage 2, line 1)
- Image:
Image Detail
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- Memory Tip: Fetter sounds like fitter, and shackles fit your legs very tightly.
- Alex Thoennes

G-M

HEADSMEN
- Definition: A public executioner who beheads condemned persons.
- Pronunciation: [hedz-muhn] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence:
- Original Sentence: Fetters and headsmen were the coarse instruments that tyranny formerly employed; but civilization of our age has perfected despotism itself, though it seemed to have nothing to learn. (passage 2, line 1)
- Image:
external image yg02exec.jpg
external image yg02exec.jpg

- Memory Tip: Headsmen cut the heads off of men.
- Dan Grieco

INDIGENT
- Definition: Lacking the necessities of life; impoverished.
- Pronunciation: [in-di-juhnt] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: The indigent defendant was provided with counsel.
- Original Sentence: Did not find this in passage 2.
- Image: external image Homeless_man.jpg
- Memory Tip: The last part of indigent is gent which is like gentleman. No gentleman is indigent.
- Haley Stuckey

N-S

ODIOUS
- Definition: Deserving or causing hatred or dislike; hateful; detestable
- Pronunciation: [oh-dee-uhs] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: She is an odious young woman.
- Original Sentence: Absolute monarchies has dishonored despotism; let us beware lest democratic republis should reinstate it and render it less odious and degrading in the eyes of the many by making it still more onerous to the few. (passage 2, line 30)
- Image:
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- Memory Tip: Odium is hatred, odious is the act of hatred
- Anna Doran

ONEROUS
- Definition: Burdensome, oppressive. causing hardship.
- Pronunciation: [on-er-uhs] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: We had an onerous agreement.
- Original Sentence: Absolute monarchies has dishonored despotism; let us beware lest democratic republis should reinstate it and render it less odious and degrading in the eyes of the many by making it still more onerous to the few. (passage 2, line 31)
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- Image: 841227~Home-Alone-2-Video-Release-Posters.jpg
- Memory Tip: Think of oppressive and then think of onerous.
- Neesath Shah

RECAPITULATE
- Definition: To review by a brief summary, as at the end of a speech or discussion; summarize.
- Pronunciation: [ree-kuh-pich-uh-leyt] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: Let's recapitulate the main ideas.
- Original Sentence: Question number 27.
- Image:external image autosum.gif
- Memory Tip: recap, short, meaning summarize. Or for those music people who know that the recapitulation in a sonata form is the summary or reinstatement of the main theme (exposition).
- Weikang Sun

RIBALD
- Definition: Vulgar or indecent in speech, language, etc.; coarsely mocking, abusive, or irreverent; scurrilous
- Pronunciation: [ri-buhld] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentence: The man was ribald because of his vulgar language.
- Original Sentence: Question number 19.
- Image:
Image Detail
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- Memory Tip: If you play with an animals "ribs" you may be acting ribald.
- Anna Doran

SOLICIT
- Definition: To seek or request for something
- Pronunciation: [suh-lis-it] Hear it pronounced
- Sample Sentences: He solicited aid from the minister.
- Original Sentences: You may retain your civil rights, but they will be useless to you, for you will never be chosen by your fellow citizens if you solicit their votes; and they will affect to scorn you if you ask for their esteem. (passage 2, line 19)
- Image:
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- Memory Tip: Think of the "No Soliciting" signs, they mean that the building doesn't want to be asked for donations, etc...
- Haley Stuckey

T-Z